Unlike macronutrients (fats, protein and carbohydrates, vital substances (micronutrients) do not deliver energy to our body. Yet vital substances are essential for many processes in our organism and absolutely vital. Predominantly vitamins, mineral substances and trace elements belong to the vital substances.

Furthermore vital substances also include:

  • Enzymes
  • Amino acids
  • Fatty acids
  • Vitaminoids
  • Lecithins
  • Phospholipids
  • Secondary plant compounds

Since wants to support the body that all vital processes are improved and run smoothly, the balanced supply with vital substances is one major key factor of the program. Further information to this topic can be found in our community-platform. Request free access

The following list should give an overview about the most important vital substances, their occurrence, their purpose and function, deficiency symptoms, daily and maybe increased requirements. All information is without guarantee and excluding all liability.

Vital substance group “Vitamins”

Vitamins are crucial for our body – this vital necessity is also shown in their name (latin Vita = life). As our body cannot produce most vitamins itself, the targeted supply is essential for our body. Vitamins are divided into fat-soluble and water soluble vitamins.

Fat-soluble vitamins can be stored in our body, usually in the liver and therefore overdosage is possible in rare cases. Even though Vitamin K is fat-soluble, it is only stored in very small quantities. Water-soluble vitamins on the other hand, can easily be excreted via the kidneys, if the concentrations are too high.

Fat-soluble Vitamins

  • Vitamin A (Retinol)
  • Vitamin D (Cholecalciferol)
  • Vitamin E (Tocopherol, Tocotrienol)
  • Vitamin K (K1: Phyllochinon, K2: Menachinon)

Water-soluble vitamins

  • Vitamin B1 (Thiamin)
  • Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)
  • Vitamin B3 (Niacin)
  • Vitamin B5 (Pantothensäure)
  • Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxin)
  • Vitamin B7 (Biotin)
  • Vitamin B9 (Folsäure)
  • Vitamin B12 (Cobalamin)
  • Vitamin C (Ascorbinsäure)

Mineral substances – bulk elements

  • Chlorine
  • Potassium
  • Calcium
  • Magnesium
  • Natrium
  • Phosphor
  • Sulfur

Mineral substances – essential trace elements

  • Chromium
  • Cobalt
  • Iron
  • Fluorine
  • Iodine
  • Copper
  • Manganese
  • Molybdenum
  • Selenium
  • Silicon
  • Zinc